All the results, stated in the present book, were recently received by us, are new and published for the first time. The present work follows our book <<Christ and Russia in the eyes of "ancient" Greeks>> and is pretty much its natural continuation.
We continue an interesting analysis of ancient chronicles from the point of new, correct chronology. We remind that THE NEW CHRONOLOGY WAS OPENED BY US BY MEANS OF MATHEMATICAL, STATISTICAL AND ASTRONOMICAL METHODS. IT LET US RESTORE A ROUGH "SKELETON OF THE HISTORY". That is – a system of the main dates, "a spinal column", on which events of the past are beaded. This part of our studies bears PROBATORY character and is stated, for example, in the first three books of the seven volumes "Chronology. First Canon".
A reader of this book will meet much unexpected things. For example, it appears that famous "History" of antique Herodotus tells, mainly, about the Great = "Mongol" Empire of the XIII-XVI centuries, starts with a description of the events of the XII century A.D. and finishes with a tale about the Great Distemper in Russia, that is about the events of 1604-1610. Herodotus describes, in particular, "Fake"-Dmitry, Marina Mniszech, Vasily Shuyskiy.
So, in the previous book "Christ and Russia..." we in more or less details "came across" the first half of the work of Herodotus. In the present study we will continue movement up across the axis of time and will study the events, described in the second part of "History" of Herodotus.
The book, lying in front of a reader, is also devoted to new, recently discovered by us astonishing effect. It appeared that some important events of the epoch of the XII-XVII centuries were reflected in "the far past" several times. And a number of such reflections is sometimes very big and is counted by TENS. For example, in the previous book << Christ and Russia in the eyes of the "ancient" Greeks>> we showed that Andronicus-Christ was reflected in FOURTY SIX famous chronicle personages of the Ancient Times. In the present book it will be shown, in particular, that a number of reflections of the Battle of Kulikovo of 1380 on the pages of "ancient" chronicles reaches at least TWENTY SEVEN.
Next we found out several reflections of the epoch of tsar-khan Ivan the Terrible in the "antique" and medieval world. Let's indicate some of them. See the full list in or book "Crucifixion of Russia", appendix 2.
1) Ivan IV Vasilievich "the Terrible": 1533-1547-1584. In a considerable measure exactly he is an original of all the other reflections of "Ivan the Terrible", although in fact this life story, in its turn, is "clued" from "biographies" of FOUR DIFFERENT tsars-khans, see the book "New chronology of Russia". Let's first list duplicates of "Ivan the Terrible", found out in our previous publications.
2) Saint Basil, probably 1547-1553, see the book New chronology of Russia", ch.8.
3) Ivan III Vasilievich "the Terrible", allegedly 1462-1505, see the book "New chronology of Russia".
4) Biblical Nebuchadnezzar, the Assyrian tsar, see the book "Biblical Russia", ch.6:2.
5) Old Testament tsar Arta-Xerxes, see the book "Biblical Russia".
6) Imperator Charles V, allegedly of 1519-1556 or 1519-1558, see "Reconstruction", ch.13:21.
7) Imperator Friedrich I Barbarossa, allegedly 1152-1190.
8) Imperator Charlemagne, allegedly 768-814.
In the present book we will add to the indicated duplicates also the following bright reflections of Ivan the Terrible in "the deep ancientry":
9) "Antique" Persian tsar Kambis, allegedly 529-522 B.C., see chapter 5.
10) "Antique" Persian tsar Xerxes, governed allegedly in 486-465 B.C., see chapter 7.
11) "Antique" Spartan tsar Kleomenes, see chapter 7.
All of us know that prince Andrey Kurbskiy was closely connected with Ivan "the Terrible". It appears that he was also many times reflected on the pages of different ancient chronicles. Let's list some of his reflections.
1) Prince Andrey Mikhailovich Kurbskiy, 1528-1583. He was unfaithful to Ivan IV the Terrible.
2) Old Testament Achiores, who was unfaithful to Assyrian-Babylonian tsar Nebuchadnezzar, see the book "Biblical Russia".
In the present book we will show also other spectacular reflections of prince Kurbskiy in the "deep ancientry":
3) "Antique" Egyptian Fanes, who run to the Persian tsar Kambis and was unfaithful to his Egyptian tsar, see chapter 5.
4) "Antique" Spartan tsar Demarat, who run out from the Spartans to the Persian tsar Xerxes.
5) "Antique" Persian courtier Tiribazos near tsar Artaxerxes, see chapter 7.
As a result it appears that a number of really DIFFERENT historical plots, descriptions of which reached us, seriously diminished. Sometimes tens of times. Many famous descriptions of outstanding heroes are "clued" and supplement each other, what now let's more brightly illuminate many important events of the Middle Ages.
Finally, our principle and rather unexpected opening is the fact that ataman Ermak and conquistador Cortes are reflections of the same outstanding person, a conquistador of the end of the XVI century. It appears that ataman Ermak conquered not all the Azian Siberia, as the Romanovs' history convinces us, but the Central America. And this famous campaign is described in Spanish chronicles as the Mexican expedition of conquistador Cortes. See chapters 7 and 8. From here, in particular, it follows that on the pages of the Russian chronicles, first of all "Siberian", a repeated conquest of America by Russia-Horde and Osmania-Atamania at the end of the XVI century was reflected. We remind that the first Hordian colonization of the American continent is dated, according to our results, with the beginning of the XIV century. The fact that the famous campaigns of Ermak and Cortes – it is, in general, the same, has rather far going consequences, as it gives a possibility to look with absolutely new eyes on the history of acquisition of America.
In the present book we sometimes refer to our seven volumes "Chronology. First Canon", containing a fundament of the New Chronology and published in 2004-2006 by publishing house RIMIS, Moscow. The seven volumes consist of the following books:
1) À.Ò.Fomenko, "Foundations of the history";
2) À.Ò.Fomenko, "Methods";
3à) À.Ò.Fomenko, V.V.Kalashnikov, G.V.Nosovskiy, "Stars" ("Stars of Almagest");
3á) À.Ò.Fomenko, Ò.N.Fomenko, G.V.Nosovskiy, "Stars" ("Stars of Zodiact");
4) À.Ò.Fomenko, G.V.Nosovskiy, "New chronology of Russia";
5) À.Ò.Fomenko, G.V.Nosovskiy, "Empire";
6) À.Ò.Fomenko, G.V.Nosovskiy, "Biblical Russia";
7) À.Ò.Fomenko, G.V.Nosovskiy, "Reconstruction".
See ÕÐÎÍ1, ÕÐÎÍ2, ... , ÕÐÎÍ7 in the list of literature.
We are deeply grateful to Ò.N.Fomenko for many valuable notes and additions, first of all regarding the history of the Baattle of Kulikovo.
Lomonosov Moscow State University