A.T.Fomenko , G.V.Nosovskiy


Chapter 1.



This chapter is also brief, as very little data has survived. It appears that in the Mediterranean in the era of X-XI cc. a Kingdom emerged, which could provisionally be called Romaic or Roman, or 'The First Rome'. Its first capital was a city in the fertile Nile Valley in African Egypt. Here farming developed rapidly in order to feed the large population. Sciences and the first technologies originated here. Very little written evidence about this first Kingdom has survived.

It is possible that in addition to that Egypt was one of the main religious centres of both Romea of XI-XIII cc. and after that The Great='Mongol' Empire of XIV-XVI centuries. It was the focal point for the cult of the dead. Maybe this originated due to observations the ancient people made: that in that area, - due to the hot and dry climate, - a corpse left in the burning hot sand would not decompose. Hence they decided that this area would be most suitable as a burial site.

The capital of the ancient African Kingdom was not far from the mouth of the Nile and today is called Alexandria. It was here that the first writing originated – in the form of hieroglyphs, i.e. 'writing with symbols'. It is probable that this method of communication and transmission of thoughts was the first to appear. If a person wanted to communicate something to others, he would draw a variety of symbols representing different things.

There were as yet no monumental structures as we know them today in African Egypt - pyramids, sphinxes, temples or obelisks. They were to appear significantly later, in the epoch of the XI-XVI cc., when in African Egypt an imperial cemetery was founded for the czars-khans of Romea, and later of the Great ('Mongol') Russian-Horde Empire. The deceased czars-khans of the Great Empire and other important high ranking people were brought here. They were buried in luxurious tombs, sometimes with a large amount of gold and jewels.

Prior to a long transportation their bodies were embalmed to prevent decomposition during the journey. See an image from the 'ancient'- Egyptian 'Book of the Dead', fig.2. It is possible that depicted here is ferrying of the dead across 'River Styx', i.e. Mediterranean Sea. 'Ancient' Greek myths tell us about Charon, the ferryman of the dead, who carried the deceased on his boat across the River Styx into the Kingdom of the Underworld, that is, as we understand it now, - to the Nile Valley, Egypt. The name Charon probably originated from the Russian word CHORNIU, CHORONIT (which means 'to bury' – translator's note) [5v2], ch.7.

The extent of the burial construction in Egypt itself shows that the Nile's estuary became a part of the gigantic and powerful empire, which established its royal cemetery here. Oblivious to this scientists were compelled to paint a fantastic picture of 'ancient' Egyptians whose main if not exclusive occupation was purportedly the burial of their LOCAL pharaohs. This being true the volume of valuables (gold, etc.) which was buried here was supposedly only amounted to a fraction of the state treasury.

In the XI century the Kingdom's metropolis moved to the Bosporus, where in a strategically advantageous location – the narrowest part of the Bosporus – emerged a city of Yoros (Jerusalem), aka Czar-Grad (City of the Czar – translator's note), aka – Troy, approximately 30 kilometres north of modern Istanbul. It is here that the imposing ruins of this city and a fortress called Yoros survive to this day. Later, in the XIII-XIV cc, the Kingdom's capital moved slightly south, where a new city emerged under the same name of Jerusalem. Over the course of time it was called Constantinople, and later – Istanbul. The name of Jerusalem was floating and at different times was applied to different cities.

Various provinces, fema districts, were part of Romaic Kingdom. Rus (Russia) was one of them, and it was the largest, fig.3.

In the era of the X-XI cc. for the first time Paschal cycle was calculated [6v3], ch.2. The first ecclesiastical calendar was created. Astronomy emerges, first intended to serve the ecclesiastical calendar and to observe seasonal changes in weather and climate.

We will show you astronomical dates of the early zodiacs calculated by us, which fall within the era of the XI century. Sometimes there are different solutions arising within the later epochs.

We would like to clarify that a horoscope is the position of the planets in a constellation. For example, Mars – in Virgo, Saturn – in Pisces, etc. The horoscopes are calculated in the following way: having located the position of the planets in their constellation at a certain moment in time, for example – today, and knowing the numerical value of planets' orbit periods around the Sun, by plotting backwards or forwards whole multiples of these periods, you can obtain the positions of the planets in their constellation in the past and in the future. Currently there are computer programs which allow us to date horoscopes found in the ancient manuscripts, frescos, paintings, tombs, etc. We have created a program HOROS (ХОРОС) designed specifically for the analyses of the ancient zodiacs and horoscopes which fully utilise all the astronomical data recorded in them (the principal horoscope, additional auxiliary horoscopes and so on.) [НХЕ]


1. (Years 969 or 1206) ZODIAC SP FROM THE TOMB OF PHARAOH SETI I. A coloured fresco on the arch of the burial chamber. 'Ancient' Egypt, Luxor, Valley of the Kings, allegedly 'deep antiquity'. In fact – the first variant: 14-16 August 969; the second variant: 5-7 August 1206 [НХЕ] and [3v2].

2. (Years 1007 or 1186) ZODIAC OF MITHRA OF GEDDERNHEIM. It is depicted on stone tablet, bas-relief. Europe, Germany, allegedly 'antiquity'. In fact – the first variant: 14-15 October 1007; the second variant: 14-15 October 1186 [ДЗЕЕ]

3. (Year 1007) THE FIRST ZODIAC SN FROM THE TOMB OF SENEMUT. It is depicted on the arches of the tomb, but not in the burial chamber itself. 'Ancient' Egypt, Luxor, allegedly 'deep antiquity'. In fact: 14-16 August 1007 [НХЕ].

4. (Year 1007) ZODIAC OF MITHRA OF APULUM. It is depicted on the stone tablet, bas-relief. Europe, Dacia, allegedly 'antiquity'. In fact: 14-16 August 1007 [ДЗЕЕ].

5. (Year 1007) ZODIAC MT ON THE METTERNICH STELA. It is depicted on the stone tablet found in Alexandria. 'Ancient' Egypt, allegedly 'deep antiquity'. In fact: 14-16 August 1007. See [ДЗЕЕ]

6. (Years 1071, 1189 or 1308) CONCISE ZODIAC KZ. Stone bas-relief on the ceiling of the temple in the city of Erment. 'Ancient' Egypt, allegedly 'antiquity'. In fact - first variant: 15-16 May 1071; second variant: 30-31 May 1189. Third variant: 6-8 May 1308 [НХЕ].

7. Ptolemy's STAR CATALOGUE "Almagest", allegedly 'antiquity'. In fact: approximately not earlier than XI century [3v1].

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