A.T.Fomenko , G.V.Nosovskiy
HOW IT WAS IN REALITY

Chapter 6.
THE EPOCH OF THE XVI CENTURY.

45. THE 'MOST ANCIENT' IRANIAN EPIC POEM SHAHNAMEH IS THE CHRONICLE OF THE GREAT EMPIRE OF XII-XVII CC.

The poet Ferdowsi is considered to be the author of the 'ancient' long epic poem – Persian Shahnameh (six large volumes in the academic edition) – the crowning glory of world culture. The surviving manuscripts of Shahnameh happen to be written not earlier than the XIII-XIV cc [ShAH], ch.1. The full text allegedly was created in the XV century. Beginning with the XVI century allegedly the Shahnameh epic poem becomes fairly well-known. Europe became acquainted with the epic poem only in the XVIII century. However, even in the XIX century various versions of Shahnameh were still circulating. Taking into account our knowledge of the dates shifting by 100, 300, 400 years, it appears that the epic poem Shahnameh was compiled and eventually written down not earlier than the XVI-XVII cc. It was based on the Persian legends of the XII-XVI cc. We are told that the original sources, which Shahnameh is based on, were 'for some reason' destroyed. It is possible that the editors who were creating Shahnameh in the XVII-XVIII cc. based it on the Old Iranian chronicles and adapted them in the Reformist way. We are already familiar with this by the example of Herodotus, Plutarch, Thucydides, Tacitus, Titus Livy, Suetonius, Xenophon, Aristophanes and others. After editing, the old texts were either destroyed (in order to conceal the true story), or were treated as worthless rubbish, and therefore the chronicles were abandoned and soon disintegrated.

The epic poem Shahnameh is sometimes called Iranian and sometimes Persian. We use both terms without disputing them.

We discovered that the beginning of Shahnameh consists of the seven repeated accounts about one and the same Emperor Andronicus-Christ. He is reflected as the 'ancient' Iranian kings: Abu-Mansur, Keyumars, Siyamak, Jamshid, Merdas, Zahhak, Fereydun. Whereas the Iranian king Husheng is Achilles, aka Siegfried. To remind you, Achilles and Siegfried are the reflections of the Grand Prince Sviatoslav.

The Battle of Kulikovo of 1380 turns out to be one of the most famous events in the Old Iranian chronicle of the Empire. The 'ancient' Iranian king Fereydun is the reflection of the Russian Prince Dmitry Donskoy. Furthermore, the well-known inventor of gun powder – Berthold Schwarz – is the reflection of The Venerable Sergius of Radonezh (Sergey Radonezhsky), who invented gunpowder and cannons, on the pages of the Western-European chronicles. The legendary 'ancient' Iranian Kave the Blacksmith is also the reflection of Sergius of Radonezh.

'Ancient' Iranian heroes Zal and young Rustam are two other partial reflections of the Emperor Andronicus-Christ (Andrey Bogolyubskii) from the XII century. The legend of Zal and Rudaba is a reflection of the legend of the Holy Spirit, Christ and Virgin Mary Mother of God. The Annunciation, Immaculate Conception and caesarean section are all mentioned in the Shahnameh. The young Rustam is described as the 'Greek Hercules',i.e once again as Andronicus-Christ.

The four reflections of the story of Esther (Elena Volshanka) from the XVI and also Ivan the Terrible's Livonian War appeared on the pages of the 'ancient' Persian epic poem Shahnameh. Besides, Ferdowsi describes Andrey Kurbsky's betrayal and the construction of Moscow as The Empire's capital. Where adult Rustam is the reflection of Ivan the Terrible and his son Sohrab is the reflection of Ivan the Young, Ivan the Terrible's son.

The story of Prince Kurbsky is given a detailed account by Ferdowsi as a tale of 'Siyavush' who changed sides from his king to his opponents. It takes place in the beginning of the Livonian War between Ivan the Terrible and Western Europe, which was reflected in Shahnameh. It also describes the fear of Western Europe before the invasion of Ivan the Terrible's army and the treachery of Prince Kurbsky.

The construction of Moscow – as a capital – by Ivan the Terrible is described in the Shahnameh as the creation of the Turanian capital 'Gong', and also the building of the city of 'Siavashgird' ("the round city of Siavash", and Gong ("Giant") Castle –Tr.)

Furthermore the Livonian War and the Times of Troubles in Russia in the XVI-XVII cc. are described by Ferdowsi as the 'ancient' wars between Iran and Tiran. The Turanian King Afrasiab is a reflection of Ivan the Terrible and Boris Godunov. The Russian-Horde Prince Dmitry, falsely declared by the Romanovs as an Impostor, is presented in the Shahnameh as the rightful 'ancient' king Kai (or Kay) Khosrow. Besides, information about Ivan the Terrible (= Vasili the Blessed) are incorporated into the ending of the story about Kai Khosrow once again. Several reflections of the Livonian War and several reflections of the correspondence between Ivan the Terrible and Andrey Kurbsky on the pages of the Shahnameh are very interesting.

The Madness of Kai Khosrow is the madness of Ivan the Terrible = the biblical Nebuchadnezzar = the Emperor Charles. King Khosrow displaying and then giving his treasures away is a famous scene shortly preceding Ivan the 'Terrible's death [ShAH], ch.6. The Iranian story of the most 'ancient' king Gushtasp is another narration about False Dmitry from the early XVII century [ShAH], ch.7. The construction of the 'Crystal Town' under Persian king Lohrasp (Ivan the 'Terrible') is the erection of the Moscow Kremlin.

The 'ancient' Zoroastrianism is Royal Christianity of the XII-XIII cc. and the Russian Orthodox Christianity up until the XVII century. Presumably Zoro-astr = Czar of the East is another reflection of Andronicus-Christ. Perhaps, the name Zar=Astr was interpreted also as Czar-Star, as ASTRA means a 'star'. It is appropriate for Christ, who sometimes was called the Sun, and with whose Nativity the flare of the Star of Bethlehem is associated. This star was included in the symbol of Czar-Grad and later became a part of the Symbolism of Islam: a crescent and a star.

So, the ancient Persian (P-Russian) Cult of Fire originated in Royal Christianity of the XII-XIII cc. and was an important part of the Russian Orthodox Christianity up until the XVII century. It was abolished after the XVII century church reform in Russia. But in some provinces of the Great Empire, in particular on the territory of modern Iran (Persia), it has transformed, absorbed some local traditions and existed up until the XIX-XX cc., giving rise to the contemporary sects of Zoroastrianism. Today the archaeologists and historians when discovering traces of the cult in Iran and its neighbouring countries erroneously date them to the deepest antiquity and think that it was here that at some point that Zoroastianiam originated. It is a misconception based on the incorrect Scaligerian chronology and geography.

The Iranian Prince Goshtasp – the son of Lohrasp (Ivan the 'Terrible') – is Prince Dmitry, who was later declared by the Romanovs to be an Imposter. The Prince's flight from his motherland to its enemies. The Prince's wandering. The marriage of the fugitive prince to a daughter of the foreign ruler. The 'ancient' Princess Ketayun (or Myrin?) is Marina Mnishek from the XVII century.

Unlike the Romanov version the Iranian Epos clearly states that the fugitive Prince Goshtasp (Dmitry) was never an imposter. He was a genuine prince, a son of the king Lohrasp. This perfectly corresponds with our results, according to which 'False' Dmitry was the true son of Ivan the Terrible. Thus we yet again catch the Romanov editors red handed. The distortion introduced by them vividly surfaces when compared with the independent sources.

The beginning of the military invasion of Dmitry into Russia in the XVII century is described in the Shahnameh as the 'Goshtasp slaying a wolf-dragon', and also as the 'second fight of Goshtasp with the dragon'.

Prince Goshtasp returns to Iran, replaces Lohrasp and becomes the King of Iran. Here is given an account of the Time of Troubles in Russia: the sudden death of Boris Godunov and seizure of power by False Dmitry. It could also be a 'peculiar' handover of power to Simeon Bekbulatovich.

Introduction of a new religion - Zoroastrianism - in Iran, which bread disturbance and discontent among the people. It is the reflection of the attempts to introduce Catholicism to Russia in the early XVII century under False Dmitry or the reflection of the story of Esther from the XVI century, when power was seized by the heretics in Russia.

The emergence of Iskandar = Alexander the Great in the epoch of Goshtasp – is the reflection of the sultan Suleiman the Magnificent from the XVI century.

The 'ancient' Persian description of the life of Eskandar (Alexander the Great) is the sum of several layers: first – Andronicus-Christ from the XII century, then – biblical Moses from the XV century and Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror from the XV century, and finally Suleiman the Magnificent from the XVI century.

The siege and conquest of biblical Jericho = Czar-Grad on the Bosphorus with the use of cannons reflected in the life description of Iskandar = Alexander the Great. At the same time we found out what is the famous 'iron wall to defend against Gog and Magog' built by Alexander the Great?

The final part of the 'most ancient' Shahnameh narrates about the events of the XVII-XVIII cc., fig.75, fig.76 [ShAH], ch.9.

 

46. FORTY NINE REFLECTIONS OF IVAN THE TERRIBLE WHICH WE DISCOVERED IN THE SCALIGERIAN HISTORY.

IVAN IV VASILIEVICH THE TERRIBLE 1533-1547-1584. In fact under the one name the 'Terrible' there are four Czars-Khans put together. They are – Ivan IV 1547-1553, then Dmitry 1553-1563, then Ivan V 1563-1572, and finally Simeon (Sain-Bulat) Bekbulatovich (the royal name - Ivan) 1572-1584 [4v]. The following personas are the phantom reflections.

1) IVAN III VASILIEVICH GROZNY (THE TERRIBLE) THE GREAT 1462-1505.

2) VASILI BLAZHENY (BASIL THE BLESSED OR FOOL FOR CHRIST) (aka PARFENII YURODIVY (THE HOLY FOOL) – allegedly Ivan The Terrible's pseudonym), i.e. THE BLESSED CZAR (and also holy IVAN THE BLESSED, Moscow miracle-worker – is the reflection of Ivan IV (1547-1553). Czar Ivan IV in the end of his life, in 1553, fell ill, withdrew from state affairs and became a blessed fool. [4], [6v].

3) VSEVOLOD 1139-1146 in Kievan Rus' (Kiev Russia). The reflection of Ivan IV 1547-1553. This is the first phase of the 'Terrible Czar' [4v].

4) IZYASLAV 1146-1155 (1154) in Kievan Rus'. The reflection of minor Dmitry 1553-1563. This is the second phase of the 'Terrible Czar'.

6) YURI DOLGORUKIY 1148-1157 (partial) in Kievan Rus'. The reflection of adolescent Czar Ivan; during his reign the Zakharyin-Yurievs and the oprichnina 1563-1572. This is the third phase of the 'Terrible Czar'.

4) MSTISLAV IZYASLAVOVICH + IZYASLAV DAVYDOVICH 1157-1169 in Kievan Rus'. The reflection of Simeon-Ivan 1572-1584. This is the fourth and final phase of the 'Terrible'.

5) VASILI III (partial) – the Russian-Horde Czar-Khan, the XV century [6v].

6) IVAN OVCHINA (Obolenskii-Telepnev) (partial), Elena Glinskaya's favourite, the XV century [6v].

7) VSEVOLOD YAROSLAVICH, erroneously dated to the XI century [4], [7v1].

8) CASIMIR LITOVSKY (CASIMIR OF LITHUANIA) [4v], [7v1]. 9) CHARLES V 1519-1556 according to [304], v.3, p.27, or 1519-1558 according to [76]. Allegedly 'Western-European' Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire [6].

10) FERDINAND of HABSBURG 1558-1564 according to [76].

11) MAXIMILLIAN II 1564-1576, the reflection of Khan Simeon [7v1].

12) FREDERICK I BARBAROSSA – the 'German' Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, allegedly years 1125-1152-1190 [6v].

13) FREDERICK II – the German Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, allegedly years 1194-1211-1250 [6v].

14) FREDERICK III of HABSBURG 1440-1493 according to [76], [7v1].

15) NEBUCHADNEZZAR – a famous 'ancient' Assyrian and Babylonian king, described in the Bible [6v].

16) ARTAXERXES I LONGIMANUS (= DOLGORUKII (translates as LONG HAND) (his other names are: ASVER, ASSWER (or Ahasverus? Achashverosh? Ahasweros?) AND ASSUERUS) – famous 'ancient' king of Persia. Described in the Bible [6v].

17) ARTAXERXEX II MNEMON (ARSICAS, OARSES) – king of Persia, allegedly a 'grandson' of King Artaxerxes Longimanus (Artaxerxes I). Described by Plutarch [6v].

18) PTOLEMY II PHILADELPHUS (partial) – 'ancient-Egypt' king [6v].

19) QUETZALCOATL – Mediaeval king of the American K'iche' Maya Indians and a Toltec king [ZA], ch.8.

20) BELSHAZZAR (OR BALTHAZAR) – a king of Babylon and Persia who 'saw the writing on the wall'. Described in the Bible [6v]. 21) THE ELDER who made an attempt to falsely accuse the beautiful Susanna of promiscuity (or Shoshana). Described in the Bible Book of Daniel [6v].

22) TIMUR - TAMERLANE (partial) – the famous conqueror [6v].

23) MEHMED II THE CONQUEROR (partial, the XV century [6v], [PRRK], ch.4.

24) HENRY II DUKE OF ORLEANS – King of France, the XVI century [7v1].

25) HENRY VIII (A BLUEBEARD) – the English king (1509-1547) [7v1], [ShEK], ch.5.

26) MAXIMILIAN II - as Western-European reflection of Khan Simeon-Ivan Beckbulatovich [7v1].

27) In the history of 'Ancient' Rome Ivan the Terrible is reflected as a 'quartet'; of famous emperors: TIBERIUS + CALIGULA + CLAUDIUS + NERO [1v]. Essentially parallels between them are as follows; (though here and there is some confusion), see paragraphs 28-31: Ivan Blazhenny (the Blessed) 1547-1553; Dmitry Ivanovich 1553-1563; Ivan Ivanovich 1563-1572; Simeon-Ivan Beckbulatovich 1572-1584. It appears that in the 'classic ancient' literature they are reflected as:

28) TIERIUS, allegedly (years) 14-37,

29) CALIGULA, allegedly (years) 37-41,

30) CLAUDIUS, allegedly (years) 41-54,

31) NERO, allegedly (years) 54-68.

Certain elements of 'Ivan the Terrible's life descriptions are fantastically played out between these four phantoms sometimes in a contravention of chronology. But on the whole the stream of the main events remained intact [RI].

32) HENRY IV, allegedly 1053-1106 [1v].

33) PARIKSHIT – the 'ancient' Indian rajah, a king of the Ikshvaku dynasty. Described in the Indian Epic the Mahabharata [KAZ], ch.1.

34) CAMBYSES - a famous king of 'ancient' Persia (son of Cyrus). Described by Herodotus [za], ch.5. To clarify. Cambyses (or Cyrus), the king of Persia – is Ivan the Terrible or Ivan the Younger, and the Egyptian princess Nitesis is Esther = Elena Voloshanka. The successful Egyptian campaign of 'ancient' Cambyses is either the conquest of Czar-Grad in 1453 or the conquest of Kazan in 1552. The siege and crushing defeat of Memphis by king Cambyses is the siege and defeat of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible. The destiny of Psammetichus, king of Egypt is the reflection of the fate of Khan Ediger of Kazan who was captured by Ivan the Terrible. The treason of 'ancient' Phanes is Prince Kurbskys treason. Cambyses' insanity is the 'madness' of Ivan the Terrible. King Cambyses' failed military campaigns is the unsuccessful Livonian War of Ivan the Terrible. Death of Prince Dmitry – Ivan the Terrible's co-ruler – is described by Herodotus as Smerdis' death, who was seated at the royal throne in Cambyses' 'dream'. The story of the Russian metropolitan Phillip was also vividly reflected on the pages of Herodotus' 'Histories'. Hordian False Dmitry from the early XVII century and the beginning of the Times of Troubles in Russia-Horde was described by Herodotus in considerable detail.

It is curious that Herodotus' point of view on 'False' Dmitry is close to that of the Romanovs'. It appears that the Western-European Herodotus used a version invented by the Romanovs for both external and domestic use. By the way, Dmitry's mother, in monasticism Marfa, and Marina Mnisheck from the XVII century, False Dmitry's wife, are both described by 'classic' Herodotus in his famous 'Histories' under the same name of Fedima, the wife of False Smerdis. Preksasp, an 'ancient' Persian, whom Herodotus is telling us about, is also the reflection of Vasili Shuisky and clerk Timofei Osipov from early XVII century.

Finally, the 'classic' story by Herodotus about the death of a noble Persian Intaphrenes is a story about the death of the famous Prince Skopin-Shuisky in 1610.

35) XERXES – the famous 'ancient' Persian king (the king of kings) [ZA], ch.7. The famous Greco-Persian war of allegedly the V century BC and Xerxes' failed punitive campaign in Hellas – is the lost Livonian war of Ivan the Terrible from the XVI century. Consequently the last three books of the 'Histories' by Herodotus were devoted to the second, but this time a more detailed account of Ivan the Terrible's Livonian war.

To elaborate. The preliminary suppression of the revolt in Egypt is Ivan the Terrible's conquest of Kazan. The debates between Xerxes' councillors on the expedience of the campaign in Hellas are the debates in Ivan the Terrible's court on the subjects of the declaration of the Livonian war. The short lived accession to the Russian throne of Simeon Beckbulatovich is the temporary accession to the Persian throne of Artabanus. Xerxes' famous bridge crossing the Hellespont is Ivan the Terrible's crossing of the Volga. The death of the 300 famous Spartans of king Leonidas is the death of the Mediaeval detachment of the knights (the members of the Livonian order) of commander-in-chief Philipp Bell. 'Ancient' Thermopylae is the Western-European Fellin (Viljandi castle – Tr.). Spartan King Leonidas is the German commander in chief Philip Bell, and the perished Spartans are perished German knights. 'Ancient' traitor Demaratus at Xerxes' court is Prince Andrey Kurbsky who betrayed Ivan the Terrible. The Spartan King Cleomenes is another reflection of Ivan the Terrible.

The famous Cossack chieftain Yermak Timofeyev from the second half of the XVI century was described by Herodotus as a Spartan Prince Dorieus, a half-brother to King Cleomenes = Ivan the Terrible. The heart of the chronicle account of Yermak's conquest of Siberia is the colonization of America by Russia and the Ottoman Empire (Atamania) in the XV-XVI cc.

Xerxes' retreat from Hellas is Ivan the Terrible's army's retreat from Livonia. The Persians' defeat in the Battle of Plataea is the defeat of the Russians at Polotsk. Death of the Persian general Mardonius is the death of notorious Malyuta Skuratov. He is the very same biblical Holofernes. The 'ancient' Persian Tiribaz during the rule of Artaxerxes is another reflection of Prince Andrey Kurbsky in the pages of Plutarch.

36) ARTABANUS – the chief official of Xerxes, who was temporarily enthroned by Xerxes, is a reflection of Khan Simeon Beckbulatovich, i.e. 'the fourth period of the Terrible Czar' [ZA], ch.7.

37) CLEOMENES – 'ancient' Spartan king. Described by Herodotus [ZA], ch.7.

38) JUAN (KHAN) MILLAN – an old mad astrologer, who authoritatively influenced' Governor Diego Velasquez during the expedition of conquistador Cortes (Ataman Yermak) to America [ZA], ch.8.

39) FRANCESCILIO – 'an old lunatic' who 'strongly influenced' the Governor Diego Velasquez. Mentioned by Bernal Diaz [ZA], ch.8.

40) INCITATUS – THE 'HORSE' of the Roman emperor Caligula, which he 'introduced to the senate'. It is the reflection of Khan Simeon Beckbulatovich (of Ivan the Terrible) [RI], ch.5.

41) GALBA (partial) – 'Ancient' Roman Emperor [RI], ch.7.

42) ROSTAM or RUSTAM (partial) is the epic Persian 'ancient' hero. Described in the Epic of Shahnameh [ShAH], ch.5.

43) KEY KAVUS – 'ancient' Iranian shah (a mythological shah of Iran) [ShAH], ch.5.

44) AFRASIAB (partial) – 'ancient' shah of Turan. Described in the Epic Shahnameh [ShAH], ch.5.

45) KAI KHOSROW (OR KAY KHOSROW) – 'ancient' Iranian shah [ShAH], ch.5.

46) LOHRASP (partial) – 'ancient' Iranian shah, Khan Simeon Beckbulatovich's duplicate, i.e. the 'fourth period' of Ivan the Terrible, ch.5.

47) KING LEAR (LEIR) – 'ancient' English ruler described by Geoffrey of Monmouth (Latin: Galfridus Monemutensis – Tr.) and Shakespeare [ShAK], ch.1.

48) THE FOOL, who accompanies King Lear is the reflection of Parfeny Yurodivy (Parthenius the Fool-in-Christ) - the name given to Ivan the Terrible at Baptising (Vasily Blazhenny – Basil the Blessed or Holy Fool for Christ). Later the historians erroneously decided that this name was Ivan the Terrible's 'pseudonym' [ShAK], ch.1.

49) DUKE OF ALBANY (partial) - a contemporary of King Lear, [ShAK], ch.1.

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