.., ..

. .
. . . - .

5, 2

3.
, .


10.
. .

, 9, , , :

1) - - = "" , - XIV-XVI ; 2) , ; 3) .

. "=". , , , " - , " [523], .96. "" . , . "=" , , , . .

 

1. - .

- - XIV-XVI , ( , , , ):

( RUSIA) = = = ( RUZCIA) = = ( RUZALAND) = ( RISALAND) = = ( GARDARIKI) = = -, -, ( GARDAR) = = = , . . = , grhas, . . = = GRHAS, . . = ( GARDAS) , . = = GARDAS, . = ( GARDS), . = , = GARDS, = = , , . = ( KYLFINGALAND) = = = = = = = = -- = = ( SCITHIA) = ( SITHIA) = ( CITHIA) = , ! = , = SCOT-LAND, ! = ( SVITJOD HINN MIKLA) = + + , = ( ) = ( GODLAND) = , , = = ( ), = = GOD = = = = = = = = ( REIDGOTALAND = HREIDGOTAR). , . , , = SWEDEN.

, = = , = = ( KVENNALAND = QUENLAND = KUNALAND) = = - ( QUEN-LAND QUEEN-LAND) = , , , = ! = ! - = ! = ! = ! = , , - , -, . , - , , = = = + = .

, = = . = , , . .

, = = , .

: = , , . . [517] .. " ", .3:1.5.

= Susie - , Russie - , Ruissie - , Rusia - , Russia - , Ruthenia - , Rutenia - , Ruthia - , Ruthena - , Ruscia - , Russcia - , Russya - , Rosie - .

- Ruthia. . , . . , , , , , - .

, XIV-XVI . , , - -. .

, =, . - = . .

= "" , . " - ", .1:18-19. , ? - = . ? " " ! . .

 

2. .

:

= = ( DANUBIUS) = ( DUN) = ( DANUBIUM) = ( DYNA) = ( HISTER, HYSTER) = ( ISTR) = = = = = ( DUNA) = = = - +.

. , . " ", .6:2.12, -.

 

3. .

, . - . , , - , .

- , , - , XIV . :

1) = "" = = ; 2) - ; 3) - = , ; 4) - = , ; 5) - "" ; 6) - - , ; 7) = . , , (MECCA).

 

4. " " .

, , XVII-XVIII , . , , , , . , .

, , " ", . , "". " , , , ".

" " , :

# .

# , .

# .

.

# = () -. , "" XIV , .

# , . "", .9:19, [866].

# , , , , .

# -, XIII-XIV XIV , "", .

. , = , -, .

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