A.T.FOMENKO, G.V.Nosovskiy

Studies of 2005-2008


The book continues the books of the authors of "New chronology of Egypt" (2003), "Ancient zodiacs of Egypt and Europe" (2005) and "Ancient zodiacs of Egypt and Europe" (2009). In «New chronology of Egypt" the authors for the first time proposed a method of full decoding and absolute astronomical dating of the Ancient Egyptian zodiacs. It appeared that the method is applicable also to European zodiacs. As a result the authors dated except the Egyptian also a number of European medieval zodiacs.

In the present book the authors continue an interesting and important for the chronology study of the ancient zodiacs. Astronomical datings of the zodiacs, received in 2005-2006, are studied. Totally until now around 40 ancient zodiacs – Egyptian, Russian and European are dated. All these datings are listed in the book.

The book doesn't require any special knowledge from a reader. It is aimed for everyone interested in the application of natural-scientific methods to history and chronology and in astronomy and ancient astral symbols.



Chapter 1. Egyptian zodiacs

1.1. Second zodiac of Senenmut "SX"
1.1.1. Two tombs of Senenmut and two different zodiacs of Senenmut
1.1.2. Decoding of the main horoscope of the zodiac "SX"
1.1.3. On the zodiac «SX" there is a date June 17-18, 1148 A.D.

1.2. Zodiac of Ramses IX (zodiac "RD")
1.2.1. Zodiac "RD" in the tomb of Ramses IX at the Valley of tsars
1.2.2. On the zodiac "RD" the date June 16, 1148 A.D. is written.
1.2.3. Why the same date is written on the zodiacs of Ramses IX and Senenmut?

1.3. How the famous Round Dender sign was "successfully dated"

Chapter 2. Russian and European zodiacs

2.1. Zodiac of Christ from the book of Ebenezer Sibly (zodiac "AE")
2.1.1. Preliminary note
2.1.2. Description of the horoscope of Christmas
2.1.3. Zodiac of Christ has two solutions: 1151 A.D. and 1 B.C. The first solution ideally corresponds to the New Chronology, the second – to the chronology of Scaliger, in the base of which, consequently, a secondary solution of this zodiac was put

2.2. Zodiac of Ivan the Terrible (zodiac "PG"): the tsar was born on February 9, 1526, four years earlier than it is considered
2.2.1. On the tsar throne of Ivan the Terrible, which is kept in the Kremlin Armory, there is a zodiac with horoscope
2.2.2. Decoding of the horoscope of Ivan the Terrible and its dating
2.2.3. The tsar was born 4 years earlier than historians suppose
2.2.4. If a three month old tsarevich could participate in the consecration of a church?
2.2.5. Parthenius - a baptismal name of tsar Ivan IV, not allegedly his "pseudonym"
2.2.6. The birthday of Peter I doesn't correspond to his name, as it was with other Russian tsars of that time
2.2.7. Peter I was named not Peter, but Isaacius? The tsar was replaced?

2.3. Zodiac of Jove on the "antique" carved stone (zodiac "FA")
2.3.1. Description of the zodiac "FA"
2.3.2. Constellations for the zodiac "FA"
2.3.3. Pictures of planets
2.3.4. The main horoscope and additional astronomical conditions
2.3.5. On the zodiac "FA" there is a date June 5 of old style of 1741 A.D.

2.4. Zodiac of the Gemma of August (zodiac "GA")
2.4.1. The Gemma of August is a zodiac with horoscope
2.4.2. Decoding of the horoscope on the Gemma of August
2.4.3. On the Gemma of August is written the date December 8, 1284 A.D.

2.5. French zodiac of Henry II and Diana Poitier (zodiac "DP")
2.5.1. One of the medieval French carpets of the famous series of tapestries "The story of Diana", contains a zodiac with date
2.5.2. Description and decoding of the zodiac "DP"
2.5.3. Horoscope of the zodiac "DP"
2.5.4. On the zodiac "DP" there is a date February 28 or March 1, 1546
2.5.5. The zodiac "DP", dated by historians with the middle of the XVI century – is a rare example of the correct opinion of historians about an approximate dating of a historical monument. Nevertheless, a precise date was not calculated by them
2.5.6. If zodiac "DP" is devoted to Paris or Moscow events?

Chapter 3. Italian medieval zodiacs

3.1. An Italian zodiac "PD" from the medieval baptistery in Padua
3.1.1. Description and decoding of the zodiac "PD"
3.1.2. On the zodiac "PD" is written the date March 7, 1524 A.D.
3.1.3. If an orthodox calendar equinox was used in the XVI century in Italy?
3.1.4. Off corn of preliminary astronomical solutions and finding the full solution
3.1.5. Conclusions

3.2. Zodiac "ZP" on the ceiling of the Hall of Pontifexes in Vatican
3.2.1. An origin of the Vatican "zodiac of Pontifexes "
3.2.2. Description of the zodiac "ZP"
3.2.3. An outstanding image of the order of zodiacal constellations on the Zodiac of Pontifexes
3.2.4. Saturn is shown between Aquarius and Capricorn in the visible position
3.2.5. Venus is shown in Taurean in a visible position
3.2.6. Jove or Mars is shown in Cancer in an invisible position
3.2.7. Sun and two additional chains of figures in the center of the zodiac
3.2.8. The Moon was in Pisces
3.2.9. Mercury is shown in Cancer in a visible position
3.2.10. Horoscope of the zodiac "ZP"
3.2.11. On the Zodiac of Pontifexes is decoded the date June 24-30 of the old style of 1670 A.D.
3.2.12. Possible explanations of the date, written on the Zodiac of Pontifexes

3.3. Italian zodiac of Falconetto from Mantua (zodiac "FZ")
3.3.1. Origin of the zodiac "FZ"
3.3.3. Horoscope of the zodiac Falconetto
3.3.4. The date, written on the zodiac Falconetto: July 3-4 of the old style of 1741 A.D.

3.4. Zodiacs of the Scythian chamber of dukes D'Este in Ferrara, in Italy (zodiacs "FR", "FS, "FT")
3.4.1. Introductory notes
3.4.2. Description and decoding of the zodiac "FR"
3.4.3. Analysis and off corn of preliminary solutions. On the zodiac "FR" there is a date May 19 of old style of 1680
3.4.4. An asp on the hand of Saturn – this is the comet of Schwassmann-Wachmann, which shined in May 1680 as a first magnitude star (� = + 1,5) in the constellation of Whale near Taurean. Appearance of the comet probably served as a reason for creation of the Ferrarian zodiac
3.4.5. Short review of the story of dukes D'Este, in the palace of whom is zodiak "FR"
3.4.6. The zodiac "FR", probably, was created by the painter del Cossa for the Ferarian duke Francesco D'Este (1662-1694), but then wrongly prescribed to not existing painter Francesco del Cossa
3.4.7. Other pictures on the pages of the Scythian chamber and their astronomical sense
3.4.8. On the fresco of Cancer in the Scythian chamber the comet of 1680 is expressed as an asp
3.4.9. On the fresco of Aries in the Scythian chamber the sky of the end of April 1680, when the comet of Schwassmann-Wachmann reached the biggest brightness, is expressed
3.4.10. On the fresco of Gemini in the Scythian chamber is expressed the June new moon of 1680, when the comet started to pale
3.4.11. A general zodiac of the Scythian chamber (zodiac "FS")
3.4.12. On the zodiac "FS" there is the date June 24 of old style of 1661. Probably the duke Franchesco II D'Este, at the time of whom the comet of 1680 took place, came to power at that day
3.4.13. Why only the fresco with zodiac "FS" remained in the Scythian chamber?
3.4.14. Search of other zodiacs of the Scythian chamber. Zodiac "FT" of the fresco f Virgo
3.4.15. On the zodiac "FT" there is a date October 15 of old style of 1686
3.4.16. Who ruled in Ferrara in the XVII-XVIII centuries?

3.5. Italian zodiac with Uranium from the Chamber of Court in Padua (zodiac"RP")
3.5.1. Our visit to Padua in 2007. Astronomical and historical datings of the Italian zodiacs
3.5.2. The Chamber of Court (Palazzo della Ragione ) and its zodiac "RP"
3.5.3. General description of the zodiac. The symbols of zodiacal constellations
3.5.4. Selection of the cells-pictures, related to the zodiac
3.5.5. Two horoscopes – the first and the second (radial) – on the zodiac "RP"
3.5.6. Decoding of the first horoscope of the zodiac "RP"
3.5.7. In the first horoscope of the zodiac "RP" is written the date April 23-25 of old style of 1781 A.D.
3.5.8. The eighth planet of the first horoscope – this is Uranium, opened in March 1781, and the horoscope itself is devoted to the opening of Uranium
3.5.9. The symbols of planets on the second, radial horoscope of the zodiac "RP"
3.5.10. In the horoscope with beams there is a date October 14-16, 1405. On the place of the excessive planet there is also Uranium, so the radial horoscope was composed with hindsight after 1781 on the medieval date 1405
3.5.11. Why among all the 12 zodiacal constellations on the zodiac "RP" Gemini is clearly marked Chapter 4. Zodiac of Heracles (zodiac "GP")

4.1. Twelve labours of Heracles take place on the star sky among the zodiacal constellations
4.1.1. In the first labour of Heracles (the Nemean lion) Leo is described
4.1.2. In the second labour (the Learnean Hydra) - Cancer and partly Scorpio
4.1.3. In the 3 labour (the Cerynitian Deer) - Goat
4.1.4. In the 4 labour (The Erymanthian Boar) - Archer
4.1.5. In the 5 labour (the Stables of King Augeias) - Aquarius
4.1.6. In the 6 labour (the Stymphalian Birds) - Libra
4.1.7. In the 7 labour (the Cretan Bull) - Taurean
4.1.8. In the 8 labour (the Fillies of Diomed) - subpolar Great Bear and Little Bear
4.1.9. In the 9 labour (the Girdle of Hyppolita) - Virgo
4.1.10. In the 10 labour (the cows of Geryon) - Gemini
4.1.11. In the 11 labour (the apples of Hesperides) - Aries and Pisces, and also Virgo, Berenice's Hair, Heracles and Serpent
4.1.12. In the 12 labour (descend to the hell) - Scorpio
4.1.13. Conclusion

4.2. Planets in the zodiac of Heracles
4.2.1. Moon in Leo
4.2.2. Sun in Archer, Scorpio or Goat
4.2.3. Jove in Aries
4.2.4. Mars in Virgo-Libra or in Gemini
4.2.5. Venus in Virgo, Libra, Scorpio or Archer
4.2.6. Saturn in Scorpio
4.2.7. Mercury in Scorpio
4.2.8. The final horoscope of the labours of Heracles

4.3. In the labours of Heracles the date November 17-21, 1513 A.D. is decoded
4.4. In the horoscope of the labours of Heracles, probably, the date of coming to power of the Roman pope-humanist Leo X is contained
4.5. Why Ares is the god of "unfair" war, and Athena is the goodness of "fair" war

Chapter 5. General picture of the zodiacal datings of the ancient and medieval history

5.1. Total of the received by us astronomical datings of the ancient zodiacs
5.2. Distribution of zodiacal datings in time. Egyptian and European splashes Appendix. Data for calculation of the zodiacs, studied in the book