A.T.Fomenko , G.V.Nosovskiy

Chapter 2


As we have shown in [���], the Virgin Mary, Birthgiver of God, lived in the XII century. She was born in Russia, probably in Rostov or nearby. For some time she lived in Czar-Grad, died and was originally buried in Crimea, in the cave town of Chufut-Cale. Throughout Christianity the attitude towards the Birthgiver of God is particularly respectful. However in the rabbinical-Judaic version, and also clearly apparent the writings by the 'ancient' authors (like Titus Livy), the Virgin Mary, as well as Christ, are on the contrary portrayed negatively. Mary was accused of fornication with a Roman soldier. They also allege she was raped. According to another version, a soldier secretly entered Mary's place at night in the guise of her husband. On that basis Jesus was called a 'pitiful mamzer', a bastard, i.e. born to Mary and Joseph out of wedlock [307]. As we discover further, in a Roman version by Titus Livy, the Birthgiver of God is described as a famous 'Roman She-Wolf' ('The Capitoline Wolf'), and also as a promiscuous Larentia cheating on her husband with strangers. Similarly critical view of the Virgin Mary can be found in the works of other chroniclers. The picture is clear: many disputed the Christian idea of the Immaculate Conception and tried to belittle and to distort this motif, tirelessly conjecturing about the debauchery, a Roman soldier, rape, etc.

The following characters are the phantom reflections of Mary the Birthgiver of God in the Scaligerian 'History textbook':

1) VIRGIN MARY, allegedly the I century.

2) PALLAS ATHENA PARTHENOS – A FAMOUS 'ancient' Greek goddess [2v2], ch.1:15.

3) MAIA (MAYA), MAIESTAS, MARIAMMA (MAARIAMMA), MARIANNE, MARITALA, MANDANE (OF MEDIA) – mother of 'messiah' Cyrus, THE 'GREAT MOTHER' of Pessinunt, MARIAM, MARYIAM (MIRIAM), MERIDA, MYRRHA , MAIRA (MAERA), MUT-EM-WIA – 'most ancient' Indian, Asian and Egyptian goddesses-mothers [2v1], ch.1:6.

4) Goddess LATONA or LETO, mother of the famous 'ancient' god Apollo [��], ch.1.

5) ISIDA (ISIS or IZIDA) – 'ancient' Egyptian goddess, sister or wife of god Horus (duplicate of Christ) [v2] [ ���].

6) DEMETER – 'ancient' Greek goddess.

7) NEPHELE – first wife of Athamas and mother of the 'ancient' hero Phrixus (=Christ) [ ���], ch.2.

8) CREUSA (or KREOUSA) – wife of the 'ancient' hero Aeneas [ ���], ch.3.

9) DAUGHTER of Tarchetius, King of Albania, described by Plutarch [����], ch.1.

10) ROMAN SHE-WOLF, who reared the royal brothers Romulus and Remus. Allegedly 'deep antiquity' [����], ch.1. Various early authors talked about a Dog or a Lioness, but not about the She-Wolf [��], ch.1.

11) LARENTIA, a wife of the 'shepherd' who brought up the Roman infants Romulus and Remus [����], ch.1.

12) THE 'SECOND' LARENTIA described by Plutarch [����], ch.1.

13) VESTAL VIRGIN described by the 'ancient' Roman historian Sextus Aurelius Victor in a legend of Romulus' and Remus' birth [����], ch.1

14) RHEA (or REA) SILVIA, THE VESTAL VIRGIN, MOTHER OF ROMULUS AND REMUS, the famous 'ancient' Roman kings [����], ch.1, 2.

15) In various texts VIRGIN MARY was confused with (partially) MARY MAGDALENE [����], ch.1.

16) MOTHER of the 'ancient' Roman king Servius Tullius. She was described, in particular, by Titus Livy [����], ch.2.

17) LUCRETIA, the famous 'ancient' Roman, raped by Sextas Tarquinius. Described, for example, by Titis Livy [ ����], ch.2.

18) PATRICIAN VIRGINIA, who erected a new holy altar. Described by Titus Livy [����], ch.3.

19) HELEN OF TROY - 'ancient Greek' abducted by Trojan Paris. The Trojan War started because of her. Described in particular by Homer [����], ch.2.

20) MAIDEN (QUEEN) KUNTI, mother of Yudhisthira (duplicate of Christ), described in the 'ancient' Indian epic Mahabharata. In the Indian sources Virgin Mary reflected also as the Goddess MAYA, who suckled Buddha (another duplicate of Christ) [���], ch.1.

21) DRAUPADI KRISHNAA, Indian princess, consort of Yudhisthira, Christ's duplicate. Described in the 'ancient' Indian epic Mahabharata [���].

22) GODDESS PARVATI (partially), described in the old Indian sources [���], ch.1.

23) MYRTO, the second wife of the philosopher Socrates (duplicate of Christ) [��], ch.1.

24) PARYSATIS, mother of 'ancient' kings of Persia Artaxerxes (Herod's duplicate) and Cyrus (duplicate of Christ). Described by Plutarch and Xenophon [��], ch.2.

25) MANDANA OF MEDIA (Persian Queen, Persian Princess), mother of the 'ancient' king Cyrus (duplicate of Christ). Described in particular by Herodotus and in the Tale of Aphroditian [��], ch.3.

26) UMILA, the middle daughter of King Gostosmysl (duplicate of King Astyages, father of Mandana), corresponds to the daughter of King Astuages of Persia. A story about her is in the Russian Ioakim ( Russian version of the name Joachim) Chronicle, for example [��], ch.3.

27) Cult of the GOLDEN WOMAN (ZOLOTAYA BABA) in Siberia [��], ch.8.

28) MYLITTA or MYLITA – an 'ancient' Great Assyrian Goddess [��], ch.8.

29) Mother of 'ancient' hero Apollonius (of Tyana) (duplicate of Christ). Her name is not mentioned here [��], ch.1.

30) Philosopher DEMETRIUS- DEMETRA, a friend of Apollonius (of Tyana) described by Philostratus. A 'male-female' confusion [��], ch.1.

31) A noble woman – CAESARISSA PORPHYROGENITUS MARIA, who has played a big role in Andronicus-Christ's life. She set him on a throne. Described, for example, by a famous Byzantine author Niketas Choniates [����], ch.2.
32) Parthenia (Pythais) , mother of 'ancient' Pythagoras (duplicate of Christ). Described by Yamvlikh, in particular [��], ch.2.

33) PLOTINA, 'ancient' Empress, enthroned Roman Emperor Hadrian, i.e. King Servius Tullius, i.e. Andronicus-Christ [��] ch.1.

34) SEMIAMIRA or (JULIA) SOAEMIAS mother of 'ancient' Emperor Heliogabalus (duplicate of Christ). Described by various Roman authors as the 'most virtueless woman'. So here Mary Theotokos (the Birthgiver of God) is represented in the critical rabbinic version [��] ch.2.

35) ANNIA FAUSTINA 'THE ELDER', wife of 'ancient' Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius [��] ch.3.

36) FAUSTINA 'THE YOUNGER' (Faustina Minor), wife of 'ancient' Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. She is mother of Emperor Commodus (duplicate of Christ) [��] ch.3. We have analysed biographies of the 'two Faustinas' – Faustina The Elder and Faustina the Younger. It emerged that 'both' Empresses are the phantom reflections of the Virgin Mary from the XII century. Consequently, using the information about Empress Faustina, we considerably widen our knowledge about Theotokos (The Holy Mother of God). For example, OF THE PLACE OF HER DEATH AND ORIGINAL BURIAL. For many years this subject has given rise to much discussion. But nevertheless the disputers rely on the same primary sources known before. Commentators just reinterpret time and time again the well-known testimonies of the ancient writers, while trying unsuccessfully to derive 'new knowledge' out of them.

Unlike this 'walking in circles', we rely on the New Chronology and on the NEW TESTIMONIES discovered with its help. Now it is possible to bring in some facts which were erroneously attributed to the different characters and to the different epochs. In particular, we could use the biography of the Empress Faustina. Before us no one considered these testimonies to be a reference to the Holy Mother of God. They were attributed to some little known ancient queen. That is why no one paid any particular attention to these documents. It turns out that they are exceptionally valuable.

As a result we made an important discovery. There was enough new data in order to suggest and prove the hypothesis that Theotokos died and was originally buried in Crimea, in the cave town of Chufut-Kale [��] ch.4.

37) 'LIVE ICON' of MOTHER OF GOD, which appeared near Crimean cave town Chufut-Kale [��] ch.4.

38) MIRACLE-WORKING ICON OF MOTHER OF GOD which accompanied Russian Prince Andrei Bogolyubskiy (Christ) circa 1164-1169,[��] ch.4.

39) JANICKE-KHANYM (partial), a great khan queen, allegedly the daughter of Tokhtamysh-Khan of the Golden Horde. Her mausoleum is situated in the Crimean cave town of Chufut-Kale [��] ch.4.

40) Legendary Maria, in whose memory a famous fountain of tears was erected in the Bakhchisaray Palace [��] ch.4.

Until the present day a Christian cross inserted inside a crescent has survived on it, fig.19. In time, it was probably a decision to invent something in order to cast into obscurity the memory of the original Christian meaning of the monument dedicated to the Virgin Mary. That is why the legend was told with enthusiasm, that the Fountain was erected in memory of a CHRISTIAN girl – either some Georgian girl, or some Greek Dinorah Khionis, or maybe it was a Polish MARIA Potocka [��] ch.4. Purporting that as the girl was a Christian, a Muslim Star inside a crescent was depicted in the form of a Christian Cross. So, there, you have an explanation of the Christian symbol on the 'Muslim' monument.

The publishers of the books about Bakhchisaray photograph the monument in such a way that the Christian Cross on its top is cut out of the shot. So there are fewer questions, to which they don't have the answers.

Thus, the famous Bakhchisaray Fountain of Tears and Bakhchisaray tomb of the 'Beautiful Princess' were erected most likely as memorial monuments to the Virgin Mary, Mother of Christ. She died in Chufut-Kale, near Bakhchisaray at the end of the XII – beginning of the XIII cc. Chufut-Kale became a holy city and turned into the main residency of the Crimean khans. Then, after transferal of the khan's capital from Chufut-Kale to Bakhchisaray, the memory of Mary Mother of God was also transferred, having in particular built a magnificent marble Fountain of Tears (Mary's Fountain), which became a pilgrimage destination, as well as Dilara Bikech durbe (which in translation means: a tomb of a Beautiful Princess). It is most likely that this tomb is symbolic.

41) IPHIGENIA, ARTEMIS, DIANA (partial) – 'ancient' goddesses of 'Ancient' Greece [��] ch.5.

42) SAINT THEODORA – a prominent Crimean Medieval Queen. The capital of her principality was a famous Crimean cave city of Mangup [��] ch.5.

43) ELEKTRA (partial), sister of the famous 'ancient' Greek hero Orestes (Christ) [��] ch.6.

44) KLYTAEMNESTRA (partial), mother of 'ancient' Orestes (Christ) [��], ��.6.

45) IGRAINE – Duchess, wife of Medieval Duke Gorlois of Tintagel and mother of famous 'English' king Arthur. She was described, for example, by Thomas Malory in his 'History of King Arthur' (Le Morte d'Arthur) [��] ch.7.

46) ALCMENA, wife of 'ancient' Amphitryon and mother of famous hero Heracles (duplicate of Christ) [���] ch.1.

47) AYE-MARY (MARIAN, MYRINE, MARIAMNA, MARIENNA, MARIANDINA) – 'ancient' queen of Amazons [���] ch.2.

48) AETHRA, mother of Theseus (duplicate of Christ) [��] ch.3.

49) AMINAH, wife of Abd Allah, mother of Prophet Muhammad [����] ch.1.

50) MOTHER of Persian shah-king Fereydun (duplicate of Christ). She is not named here [���] ch.2.

51) SIMURGH BIRD (SIMORGH BIRD) (partial) (a legendary supernatural creature in the famous Iranian Epic the Shahnameh [���] ch.4.

52) RUDABA (or ROODABEH) – 'ancient' Persian princess, who fell in love with Zal (duplicate of Holy Spirit) [���] ch.4.

53) FARANGIS – 'ancient' Persian (Turanian) Princess, mother of King Kai Khosrow (duplicate of Christ) [���] ch.5.

54) NAHID – 'ancient' Persian Queen, wife of ruler Darab. Nahid is mother of Iskender=Iskander (partial duplicate of Christ) [���] ch.8.

55) OLYMPIAS – a famous 'ancient' queen, mother of Alexander the Great (Alexander III of Macedon). Alexander is a partial duplicate of Christ [���] ch.8.

56) GERTRUDE (partial) – mother of 'Danish' prince Hamlet. She was described in particular by Saxo Grammaticus and William Shakespeare [���] ch.2.

57) DAUGHTER of king Antioch (partial). She was described, for example, in the play 'Pericles' by Shakespeare, ch.6.

58) LAVINIA, daughter of 'ancient' Roman hero Titus Andronicus. She was described, in particular, by Shakespeare in his tragedy 'Titus Andronicus' [���] ch.6.

59) MAGIC, MARVELLOUS (ENCHANTING) 'COW', who nourished Infant Fereydun (Christ) with her milk [���] ch.2.