A.T.Fomenko , G.V.Nosovskiy

Chapter 2.


As we have shown in [���], John The Baptist lived in the XII century. The main contribution to his life story was made by the following real characters of the XII century.

a) LEONTIUS, Bishop of Rostov, who lived in Russia.

b) Saint THEODOR of Suzdal (Rostov), who lived in Vladimir.

c) Byzantian JOHN (IOAN) KOMNENOS, who lived in Czar-Grad and was described by Nikita Khoniat in particular.

d) Byzantian ALEXIOS (or ALEXIUS) BRANAS or VRANAS, who lived in Czar-Grad and was described by Nicetas Choniates for example.

The following characters in the 'Scaligerian textbook' are the phantom reflections of John the Baptist.

1) JOHN THE BAPTIST, allegedly the I century. Some ancient authors confused Christ and John the Baptist [���].

2) ST. VLADIMIR glorified among the saints as EQUAL APOSTLES, Vladimir The Red Sun (partial), Russian Prince allegedly of the X century [���], Appendix 2.

3) YAROPOLK (partial), Russian Prince allegedly of the X century.

4) JOHN CRESCENTIUS I – Medieval Roman hero allegedly of the X century, predecessor of Pope Gregory VII Hildebrand of the XI century, - one of the reflections of Andronicus-Christ [2v1], ch.4.

5) JOHN CRESCENTIUS II It appears, that there is another Crescentius (Crescentii) in the Scaligerian history of Rome. Allegedly he was the son of the 'John Crescentius I' (991-998). It is considered that the 'son' also ruled Rome from 1002 to 1012. Very little is known of him. Only that 'he continued his father's work'. Could it be, that this 'John Crescentius', the son of John Crescentius, is a second version of the same legend about John Crescentius 'The First' [2v1], ch.4.

6) MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO (partial), famous 'ancient' hero, public figure, orator [���], ch.1.

7) PUBLIUS CLODIUS PULCHER – initially a close friend of 'ancient' Cicero, and later his staunch adversary. He was described, for example, by Plutarch [���], ch.1.

8) ISAIAH (partial), the Biblical prophet [���], ch.1.

9) THE ERYTHRAEN SIBYL, a legendary 'ancient' prophetess [���], ch.1. Most likely, the famous old testament Sibylline Oracles were written by the Christians of the epoch of the XII-XIII cc – contemporaries of Christ and his followers. These remarkable works were created within the framework of the same literary school as the canonical Gospels and the Old Testament prophecies included in the modern Bible. It appears that among the originators of these creations was John the Baptist = Cicero = Sibyl, and also Christ's Apostles. It was they who wrote the first versions of the Gospels, Apocalypse and Biblical prophecies. Later these books were amended. All of the Christian texts of the XII-XIII cc. branched out and became more complex. As a result there survived a multitude of books whose subject is closely related. In the XVI-XVII cc. the Scaligerian history artificially 'dispersed' them both chronologically and physically. Some of these texts were declared to be authentic, others – to be apocryphal. After that began a deliberate desk bound 'scientific work' on interpretation and clarification of why the pre-Christian Sibylline Oracles speak so much and so loudly about Christ.

10) JASON (partially) - 'ancient' hero [���] ch.2.

11) AENEAS (partial) – 'ancient' Trojan hero [���], ch.3.

12) AQUARIUS, including constellation of Aquarius on the old star maps [��], ch.1.

13) REMUS, brother of the 'ancient' king Romulus [��], ch.1.

14) CELI VIVENNA (IVAN, IOANN) – 'ancient' Et-ruscan (Russian) hero [����], ch.2.

15) SERVIUS TULLIUS (partial) – 'ancient' Roman king. In particular, execution of the Roman king SERVIUS TULLIUS – is a (partial) reflection of the execution of John The Baptist. Some authors confused Christ and John the Baptist [����], ch. 2.

16) CYRUS (partial) – 'ancient' king [��], ch.1.

17) CLEON, son of Cleaenetus, 'ancient' character, 'ancient' Greek contemporary of Nicias (Christ) and Alcibiades (Judas) [��], ch.5.

18) APOLLONIUS OF TYANNA (partial), and also 'bad EUNUCH'. Described by Flavius Philostratus. To reiterate, some ancient authors confused Christ and John the Baptist [��], ch.1.

      19) UNRULY BROTHER OF APOLLONIUS OF TYANNA- 'ancient' character [��], ch.1.

20) ABARIS, defended 'ancient' Pythagoras (Christ). Described by Yamvlikh [��], ch.2.

21) THE OLD TESTAMENT (GENESIS) ESAU. In particular, hairiness of Esau, and also animal skin into which Rebekah wraps Jacob – these are the animal skins which the Prophet John The Baptist wore.

22) SABINUS, 'ancient' character under the Roman Emperor Domitianus (Herod), mentioned by Flavius Philostratus in his Life of Apollonius of Tyana [ ��], ch.1; [��], ch.12.

23) ANTINOUS – the most faithful companion of the 'ancient' Emperor Hadrian [��] ch.1

24) ANTONINUS, twin-brother of the 'ancient' Roman Emperor Commodus (Christ) [��] ch.2.

25) AGAMEMNON (partial) – the famous 'ancient' Greek king killed by his wife Clytemnestra [��] ch.6.

26) PYLADES – a friend of 'ancient' Orestes (Christ) [��] ch.6.

27) KAY – foster brother of the 'English' king Arthur, practically the same age. Described, in particular, by Thomas Malory [��] ch.7.

28) MAIDEN OF THE LAKE (partial), WALKING ON WATER, in the story of King Arthur [��] ch.7.

29) BALIN – a poor, but noble knight in the story of King Arthur [��] ch.7.

30) ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, categorically opposed Mordred marrying Guinevere. Described in the story of King Arthur [��] ch.7.

31) SAINT GERMANUS, who condemned King Vortegirn's marriage as incest [��] ch.7.

32) HERCULES IN LION SKIN (partial) [���] ch.1. Also HERCULES (performing, during) his fifth labour (cleaning up of the Augean stables with water [���] ch.2.

33) IBN HAYABAN – prophet who proclaimed to the Jews the impending arrival of the more powerful Prophet Mohammed [����] ch.1.

34) SERGIY – a Christian Arian, who baptised Prophet Mohammed with water according to the Christian ordinance [����] ch.1.
35) VENERABLE ANTHONY OF KIEV NEAR CAVES (ANTHONY OF THE CAVES) – spiritual guide to (Martyr) Eustratius Of Kiev Near Caves (duplicate of Christ). Allegedly the XI century, Kiev [���] ch.10.

36) HAMLET SENIOR (KING HAMLET) – murdered father of Prince Hamlet. Described by Saxo Grammaticus and William Shakespeare [���] ch.2.

37) HAMLET JUNIOR, i.e the actual Prince Hamlet (partial). Time and again we have noted that some authors have confused Christ and John The Baptist (incidentally, they were second cousins) [���] ch.2.

38) DUNCAN and BANQUO – two rulers lords described, in particular, by Holinshed and Shakespeare in his tragedy 'Macbeth' [���] ch.3.

39) KING DUFF, described, in particular, by Holinshed and Shakespeare in his tragedy 'Macbeth' [���] ch.3.



As we have shown in  ���], Judas Iscariot lived in the XII century. The main contribution into his life story was made by the following characters of the XII century:

a) ISAAC ANGELOS – Byzantine ruler.

b) THE WIFE of Andrei Bogolyubskiy (Christ), a sister of the Kuchkovivhi (we have already seen that some ancient authors confused male and female).

c) YAKIM KUCHKOVICH, Andrei Bogolyubskiy's first wife's brother who was taking revenge on the Prince for his brother's execution; PETER, YAKIM'S SON-IN LAW and the steward ANBAL, YASSIN by birth (from the Caucasus).

The Phantom reflections of Judas Iscariot are the following characters from the 'Scaligerian textbook'.

1) PROCONSUL EGEAT (partial) or STRATOKLY, brother of EGEAT, described in the Life of Apostle St. Andrew The First-called (Protocletos) (duplicate of Christ) [ ���], ch.4.

2) CHENCIO (also Cencius or Centius) - a Roman nobleman, who allegedly plotted (organised a plot) against Pope Gregory Hildebrand VII (duplicate of Christ) [2v1], ch.4.

3) TYPHON and SETH – 'ancient' Egyptian characters, enemies of god Osiris (duplicate of Christ) [���], ch.5.

4) MICHAEL IV THE PAPHLAGONIAN (partial) – Byzantine Emperor, succeeding Romanos III Argyros (duplicate of Christ) allegedly in the XI century [���], Appendix 1.

5) OLEG, Russian Prince (partial), who killed Askold (duplicate of Christ) and Dir [���], ch.1.

6) SNAKE or SERPENT, who slyly bit Prince Oleg (duplicate of Christ). On the pages of the ancient chronicles Judas Iscariot was sometimes described as a cunning snake who's bitten Jesus. In the Gospels – it is Judas's notorious kiss [���], ch.1.

7) ASP, which bit 'ancient' Egyptian Queen Cleopatra. In the apocryphal Gospels it is said that Judas has bitten Jesus on his 'right side' [���], ch.1.

8) TIMON THE MISANTHROPE described by 'ancient' Plutarch [���], ch.1. It is the very same Timon ('The Dark') described by Shakespeare in his 'Timon of Athens' [SkAK]. Ch.4.
9) INHABITANTS OF THE CITY OF ISCOROSTEN, THE DREVLYANE (or the Derevlians, Drevlianians), who attacked the Russian Prince Igor (duplicate of Christ) [���], ch.1.

10) SULLEN TELAMON, 'who saw everything in gloomy light'. It is one of the twelve 'ancient' Argonauts (apostles of Christ, i.e. of Jason) (NOR], ch.2.

Polydorus (duplicate of Christ) because of his greed. Described in 'The Aeneid' by Virgil [���], ch.3.

       12) PHILOLOGUS, a traitor, who received a noble upbringing and education from Cicero, a freed slave of his brother Quintus [���], Appendix.

13) ENEMIES of philosopher Socrates (duplicate of Christ), who received 30 silver minae (30 pieces of silver) for him [��], ch.1.

14) XANTIPPE, argumentative and bad-tempered wife of Socrates [��], ch.1.

15) STREPSIADES, greedy and cunning enemy of Socrates (Christ), described in particular by Aristophanes [��], ch.1.

16) TISSAPHERNES, former friend of Cyrus the Younger (duplicate of Christ), who slandered him. Described for example by Xenophon [��], ch.2.

17) CLEARCHUS, son of Rhamphias – a Spartan general, mentioned by the Greek historians: Thucydides, Xenophon, Diodorusand others. Betrayed prince Cyrus The Younger (duplicate of Christ) [��], ch.2.

18) A certain 'MONEY BUSINESS' in Czar-Grad, which was the reason for some Scynthian deaths. The Russian princes Ascold and Dir attacked Czar-Grad in order to avenge [��], ch.2.

19) MARD GIREAD and a 'careless defender' of the city of Sardis described by Herodotus. It was on their account that the inhabitants of Sardis were defeated and King Croesus (duplicate of Christ) was captured [��], ch.3.

20) THE ALCMAEONIDS - blasphemous perpetrators (those responsible for) of Cylon's death (duplicate of Christ). Described by Thucydides and Herodotus [��], ch.4.

21) ALCMAEON – the founder of the Athenian family of the Alcmaeonids [��], ch.5. It was in the XVII - XVIII cc. that the story of 'ancient' Alcmaeon-Judas became especially popular [��], ch.5. It means that for the people of that epoch 'antiquity' was not at all so ancient. On the contrary it was rather of current interest. It was vigorously disputed. The fact is 'antiquity' is the epoch of the XIV-XVI cc immediately before the XVII-XVIII cc.

Scaligerian editing of ancient sources falls exactly on the epoch of the XVII-XVIII cc. The reformers without any reservations were altering the evaluation of the events of the recent past, unashamedly recolouring black into white and vice versa. It's no coincidence that it was at that time an noticeable increasing interest towards Alcmaeon-Judas started in Western European society. From a sinister character and greedy traitor there was 'created' – on paper – an attractive image of a tragic, somewhat messed up, but on the whole a 'very good hero'. It is true, he stabbed to death his own mother, deceived his wife, fell into incestuous relationship with his daughter [533], v.1, p.60. But on the whole, they say he was a wonderful person, deserving the deepest sympathy. He is exemplary. Thirty operas were composed about him. For soloists, chorus, ballet and orchestra [��], ch.5. The opera-houses were packed with enthusiastic listeners-reformers.

In the East – in particular in the Russian Orthodox Church – the persona of Judas Iscariot was always evaluated extremely negatively. Beautiful operas were not composed in his honour. He was not exhibited as an exemplary figure. There were no eulogies, his praises were not sung.

22) MESSENGER-INFORMER, who betrayed the Spartan King PAUSANIAS (duplicate of Christ). Described for example by Thucydides.

23) THEMISTOCLES – renowned 'ancient' Athenian. Described by Thucydides, Plutarch and other authors [��], ch.4.
24) ALCIBIADES (partial) – renowned 'ancient' Athenian of the Alcmaeonidae family (the Achaemenids) (see above). Some authors confused Christ with Judas Iscariot [��], ch.5.

25) TIMAEUS, a cunning friend of Andokid (duplicate of Christ), described by Plutarch [��], ch.5.

26) HERMOCRATES - Syracusian, who betrayed commander Nicias (duplicate of Christ), described, for example, by Thucydides [��], ch.5.

27) GYLIPPUS (partial) – a Spartan commander, participated in Nicias' war, stole 30 talents of money [��], ch.5 and Appendix.

28) OROETES – 'ancient' Greek satrap, enemy of king Polycrates (duplicate) of Christ. Described by Herodotus [��], ch.6.

29) MAEANDRIUS – King Polycrates of Samos' secretary. Described by Herodot [��], ch.6.

30) ACTOR – a cowardly accomplice of Spartan King Lysandros' plot (duplicate of Christ) [��], Appendix.

31) SNAKE, dangerous for the Spartan King Lysander [��], Appendix.

32) PROVOCATOR, who accused Apollonius of Tyana (duplicate of Christ) and his companions of offending Roman Emperor, by mocking his godlike voice [��], ch.1.

33) PROSECUTOR, who 'made up' a denunciation of Apollonius. He personally spewed charges at Apollonius (Christ), in an attempt to ruin him [��], ch.1.

34) EUPHRATES - supposedly a friend in the beginning, but in reality a secret envier and opponent of Apollonius of Tyana (duplicate of Christ) [��], ch.1.

35) MARSYAS (partial) – 'ancient' Silenus. He loses a 'contest' with the god Apollo (duplicate of Christ). Partially Marsyas is also a reflection of Christ Himself [��], ch.1.

36) CYLON, a wealthy nobleman, who attempted to become student of Pythagoras (duplicate of Christ) [��], ch.2.

37) JACOB (partial) – a character from The Old Testament, who bought his birthright from Esau (here Esau is Christ). But in the other episodes of the Old Testament, on the contrary, Jacob is Christ, and Esau is Judas Iscariot [��], ch.3.

38) Valkerie - false prophet, contemporary of the Biblical prophet Isaiah (i.e. Jesus) [��], ch.4.

39) STEPHANUS – a traitor, who offered his advice and help to the conspirators, in order to assassinate Roman Emperor Domitian (partial duplicate of Christ) [��], ch.12.

40) CLODIANUS – a conspirator, who participated in the assassination of Emperor Domitian (here – Christ) [��], ch.12.

41) AVIDIUS CASSIUS – 'ancient' Roman general of the epoch of the Emperors Aelius Verus father and Aelius Verus son (both are the reflections of Christ), and also of Aelius Hadrianus (Christ)and Commodus Antoninus (Christ) [��] ch.1,3.

42) PREFECT in Rome under Emperor Hadrian, who deceived the Emperor. Received payment of three hundred million [��] ch.1.

43) AEGISTHUS (partial) - enemy of Orestes (Christ), lover of Queen Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife [��] ch.6.

44) SNAKE, who bit Orestes (Christ) and destroyed him [��] ch.6.

45) ERIGONE – Erinyes, the main accuser of Orestes (Christ), committed suicide (she hanged herself) [��] ch.6.

46) MODRED or MORDRED - a notorious traitor, who rebelled against King Arthur (here - Christ) [��] ch.7.

47) GUINEVERE (partial) – the 'unfaithful' wife of King Arthur. Chroniclers sometimes confused Christ and Judas [��] ch.7.

48) SNAKES, who attacked a young Hercules-Christ [���] ch.1.

49) DEIANIRA – wife of the 'ancient' hero Hercules (Christ). It is a duplicate of the cunning wife of Andrei Bogolyubskiy [���] ch.1.

50) DIOSKURI – 'ancient'-Greek characters [���] ch.3.

51) MENESTHEUS, protégé of the DIOSCURI, 'ancient' Greek character [���] ch.3.

52) LYCOMEDES – 'ancient' Greek king, who killed Theseus (Christ) treacherously on the island of Scyros [���] ch.3.

53) AHRIMAN – demon, embodiment of evil in the 'ancient' Iranian mythology. Ahriman or its malicious son DIV or BLACK DIV opposes Siyamak (Christ) [���] ch.2.

54) ZOHAK (partial) – malicious, dragonlike character, enemy of the good king Jemshid (Christ). Described in the Iranian epic Shah Nameh. At the same time the 'good part of Zohak' is the reflection of Christ. Sometimes Judas was confused with Christ [���]ch.2.

55) KORSUN JEW, who sold the martyr Eustrate Pechersky (duplicate of Christ). Allegedly the XI century, Kiev [���] ch.10.

56) ROSENCRANTZ AND GUILDENSTERN – two characters from Shakespeare's tragedy 'Hamlet'[���] ch.2.

57) LAERTES, son of Polonius and brother of Ophelia – characters from Shakespeare's tragedy 'Hamlet' [���] ch.2.

58) SATURNINUS (partial) – an 'Ancient' Roman ruler, duplicate of Isaak Angelos, a relative of Titus Andronicus, whom he dethroned. Described by Shakespeare in his tragedy 'Titus Andronicus' [���] ch.6.

59) MOOR AARON – scheming and greedy lover of Queen Tamora, enemy of Titus Andronicus. Described by Shakespeare in his tragedy 'Titus Andronicus' [���] ch.6.

60) TAMORA - Queen of the Goths, enemy of Titus Andronicus. Duplicate of the malicious wife of Prince Andrei Bogolyubskiy, she conspired in the plot against him. Described in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Titus Andronicus' [���] ch.6.

61) DOMITIA LONGINA – malicious wife of Emperor Dimitian (partial duplicate of Christ) [��], ch.12.

Now we are presented with a wonderful opportunity to learn many new things about the life of Andronicus-Christ, Apostle Judas Iscariot and on the whole about the events of the distant XII century. The books by Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon and other 'classics' inform us about the events dimly reflected or not at all described in the canonical Gospels and in the New Testament Literature. Based on the 'ancient' authors we are writing much more detailed life descriptions of the famous Gospel characters.